Dog Diabetes: Facts and Figures
Like humans, dogs can acquire diabetes too. Dogs with diabetes need utmost care and support because it is a life-threatening disease that every pet owner should be very concerned about.
There are two types of diabetes, and dogs may acquire either of these types if they’re not cared for properly. The two types are diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is an endocrine disease that is brought about by the malfunction of the endocrine glands.
Diabetes insipidus is characterized by the lack of vasopressin. Vasopressin is an anti-diuretic hormone whose job is to control the kidney’s absorption of water.
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by insulin deficiency. It is a condition where the dog’s body can’t metabolize sugar well. This is the more common and more dangerous type of diabetes that dogs can possibly acquire.
Diabetes mellitus is further divided into two groups, Type I and Type II diabetes. These types are very similar to the types that affect humans.
Type I diabetes occurs during the early years of the dog’s life. It is also referred to as juvenile dog diabetes.
Type II diabetes is characterized by the dog’s dependency on insulin and it is normally observed in senior dogs and those that have passed their middle years.
Aside from older dogs, bigger dogs are more susceptible to dog diabetes than smaller breeds. Obese female dogs are even more prone to diabetes. Once the pancreas fails to secrete the right level of insulin needed by the dog to utilize all of the glucose produced by the body, the problem occurs.
Diabetes in dogs is a hereditary disease. It is also considered as an autoimmune disease that may lead to further system malfunctions. Early diagnosis is very crucial so that the dog’s disease can be reversed. To determine if your dog has diabetes, a sugar blood test is required. A veterinarian can conduct this test, so try to schedule a visit as soon as possible. Once diabetes is diagnosed in your pet, regular monitoring is necessary to make sure that your pet remains in good condition despite the onset of the disease.
The management of dog diabetes starts with a proper diet. There are foods that your dog should eat in order to help this condition. On the other hand, there are certain foods that can possibly make your dog's diabetes become worse. When your dog is suffering from diabetes, regular visits to the vet are essential. You may also be required to start using prepared meals instead of giving your dog its regular food.
Certain medications may be required for dogs suffering from the worst cases of this disease. Insulin injections are very important because they can extend the life of your pet and allow it to live normally despite having diabetes.
Diabetes can lead to a variety of diseases, particularly heart ailments. Diabetes can induce the abnormal flow of blood in your pet’s body, thereby causing a range of circulatory complications. Provide your pet with the right level of care and attention so as to ensure its perfect health at all times.